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The Jefferson County Sheriff's Office was established in 1830 with the late Sheriff Creed Taylor serving as the county's first Sheriff through 1832. The Sheriff of Jefferson County is an elected official (two year term), who is the chief law enforcement official of the County. The late Sheriff Taylor was born on January 1, 1800 in Mercer County, Kentucky to John Taylor (1767-1841) and Nancy Lewis (1776-1820). He moved to Arkansas in 1817, but returned to Kentucky, only to go back to Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, Arkansas, in 1821, where he remained. In 1836, he became the first county judge and in 1851, he served as the Commissioner of Swamp Lands. He died June 8, 1887, in Jefferson County. He is buried at St. Peters Cemetery in New Gascony, Jefferson County, Arkansas, near his three wives.
Jefferson County, Arkansas was created on November 2, 1829 and was formed from Arkansas and Pulaski Counties. The county was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, and contains very fertile agricultural lands. The county seat is at Pine Bluff.
The act creating the county provided that "the temporary seat of justice shall be at the house of Joseph Bone (Bonne) until otherwise provided for by law." Two weeks later, another act authorized the election of commissioners to locate a permanent county seat, but as the county records prior to 1837 had not yet been preserved, it was not known who the commissioners were.
In the spring of 1832, the seat of justice was moved to the house of Antoine Barraque, three miles below Pine Bluff on the same side of the river, and by the act of November 1, 1833, Louis Bougy, Samuel Taylor and Etheldred Varsier were named as commissioners to contract for and superintend the erection of the county jail.
The jail was built at Pine Bluff, which had been selected by popular vote as the permanent county seat at an election held in August 1832. The first county officers were W. P. Haekett, Judge; J. T. Pullen, Clerk; Creed Taylor, Sheriff; Peter German, Coroner; N. Holland, Surveyor.